This journal uses an online submission process through the submission box above or the following email address:

A cover letter indicating the type of submitted manuscript (research, reviews or commentaries) is required. Manuscripts should not exceed 12,500 words for research articles, 5,000 words for reviews and 3,000 words for commentaries, exclusive of abstract, keywords, tables, figures, footnotes, references, and appendices. Please use editable file formats (e.g., MS Word) instead of PDF. All parts of the manuscript should be double-spaced and typed in Times New Roman (font size 12).


Submission Checklist

Use this checklist to ensure that all files and items are submitted:

· Cover letter stating the type of the article (research, reviews, or commentaries), signed by the corresponding author or by all authors;

· Title page providing the title of the article, full names and affiliations of all authors, the order of the authors, email and postal address of the corresponding author; 

· For research articles only: an abstract not exceeding 300 words and a maximum of seven keywords.

· Full manuscript;

· Tables, figures, footnotes, and equations;

· Acknowledgement listing all funding, individuals and institutions contributed in the research;

· Supplementary materials;

· Declarations providing statements that the authors follow publication ethics, agree to participate in publication processes, agree to open all data and materials, and declare all competing interests;

· Potential reviewers providing names, affiliations, countries, and valid e-mail addresses of all suggested reviewers for the manuscript (Optional).


Cover Letter

The type of the article (research, reviews, or commentaries) must be stated in the cover letter. The cover letter should not be more than one page. It includes a brief explanation of the manuscript.


Title Page

The title page must provide the title of the article. The title must be concise and informative, not exceeding 15 words. Abbreviations and equations should be avoided in the title. The title page must provide full names of all authors. Please check that all names are accurately spelt and be consistent with names used in previous publications. Affiliation of each author must be provided with the full postal address including the country name. Indicate affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter after each author name and in front of the affiliation names and addresses. The order of the authors must be indicated clearly. List the name of the main author in the first place. The corresponding author who will handle correspondence with editors and publisher must be indicated clearly. The corresponding author must ensure that all authors have approved all details of the submission. Active email address of the corresponding author must be provided. Indicate the corresponding author with * sign after the name. 


Abstract and Keywords

For research articles, a concise and factual abstract not exceeding 300 words containing the article’s background, objectives, methods, results, discussions and conclusions, must be provided. Do not use citation in the abstract. Abbreviations appear in the abstract must be defined at the first mention in the abstract itself. Below the abstract, provide a maximum of seven keywords. American or British spelling is allowed as long as consistently used.



Please submit your manuscript in a form suitable for sending anonymously to reviewers. Do not use author name in the file name of the manuscript. The manuscript must be divided into clearly defined sections (headings and sub-headings). A heading or sub-heading should be in a separate line without numbers. Tables, figures, equations, and appendices should be numbered (e.g., Table 1, Figure 2, Equation 3, Appendix 4, etc.). Use footnotes rather than endnotes. Use superscript number for footnotes, both in the texts and footnotes. Manuscript structure is at the discretion of the author(s). For Research Articles, however, use the following structure:

· Introduction: (Explain the research background, relevant literature and objectives)

· Methods: (Explain methodology including data sources)

· Results and Discussions: (Present, explain and discuss the research results)

· Conclusions: (Conclude the research)

·  References: (List all references)

·  Appendices: (Include all relevant appendices)

Results and Discussions might also be written as two separate sections..



All tables must be provided in an editable text, not as images. Number and caption of each table are required at the top of each table. The number should be consecutive through the article. Tables can be placed next to the relevant text in the article. All symbols and abbreviations must be explained below each table. Vertical rules and shading in table cells must be avoided.



All figures in the manuscript must be numbered and captioned below each figure. Make sure that all figures are clear and readable with appropriate sizes and sufficient resolutions. Explanation of all symbols and abbreviations used in each figure must be provided immediately after the figure. Place each figure closer to the relevant texts in the article.



Use footnotes sparingly with consecutive numbering throughout the article. Footnotes menu in word processor software can be used to create the footnotes in the text. Do not use footnotes for referencing purposes.



All equations must be numbered and placed in the relevant text through the article. Please create all equations as editable forms using the word processor, not as images copied from other sources. Explanations of all symbols, letters, and numbers in each equation must be provided immediately below the equation.



Provide one paragraph of acknowledgement, not more than 100 words. List all funding sources, individuals and institutions that help and facilitate the study.


Supplementary materials 

To enhance your manuscript, supplementary materials can be published with the article. The format and layout of published supplementary materials will appear as they are submitted. Each supplementary material must be consecutively numbered and captioned. 



One page of declarations must be submitted. This must provide statements that the authors follow publication ethics, agree to participate in publication processes, agree to open all data and materials, and declare all of competing interests. If there are no competing interests, this must be declared.


Potential reviewers (Optional)

Authors may propose a list of potential reviewers or experts relevant to the topic or issues of the manuscript. Present names, affiliations, countries, and valid e-mail addresses of all potential reviewers. Do not include individuals who might have conflict of interests such as sponsors, supervisors, and colleagues in the list. 



Please use Harvard reference formatting style. Every reference cited in the text must be presented in the reference list and vice versa. The reference list must be in alphabetical order. Unpublished sources and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but might be footnoted in the text. Please ensure all data presented in the references are correct. Be careful with errors when copying references. Using reference management software (e.g., EndNote) is recommended to generate the references. All online materials (e.g., book, journal, article, report, blog, data, etc.) must present DOI or web link where the material is available and the accessing date. Here are some examples of citations and references:

·    Citation in the text: 

(Barbier, 1993); (Berkes and Folke, 1992); (Barbier et al., 1991); (Adger et al., 1995).

·    Journal article:

Barbier E (1993), Economic aspects of tropical deforestation in Southeast Asia. Global Ecology and Biogeography 3: 215-234.

Berkes F and Folke C (1992), A system perspective on the interrelations between natural, human-made and cultural capital. Ecological Economics 5: 1-8.

Barbier E, Burgess J and Markandya A (1991), The economics of tropical deforestation. Ambio 20(2): 55-58.

Adger WN, Brown K, Cervigni R, and Moran, D (1995), Total economic value of forests in Mexico. Ambio 24(5): 286-296.

·    Book:

Billingsley P (1979), Probability and Measure. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

·    Book chapter:

Modigliani F and Brumberg R (1954), Utility analysis and the consumption function: An interpretation of cross-section data. In: Kurihara K (ed) Post-Keynesian Economics. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. pp.388-436.

·    Thesis/dissertation

Wibowo DH (1999), An Economic Analysis of Deforestation Mechanism in Indonesia: Empirics and Theory Based on Stochastic Differential and Fokker-Planck Equations. PhD Thesis, The University of Queensland, Australia.

·    Newspaper/magazine

Smith J (2020), Covid-19 and the emerging economies. The Economist, 9 September, 2020.

·    Conference article

Lucas RE (1976), Econometric policy evaluation: A critique. InCarnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy (eds Brunner K and Meltzer A), Amsterdam, Netherland, 23–25 September 1976, pp.19–46. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·    Report,

World Resource Institute (1993), World Resources 1992-1993. Report. Oxford University, UK, June, 1993.

·    Online Journal Article

Rakatama A and Pandit R (2020), Reviewing social forestry schemes in Indonesia: Opportunities and challenges. Forest Policy and Economics 111: 102052. DOI: [accessed 9 September 2020].

·    Online Article

Thomson I and Boutilier R (2018), What Is the Social License? Available at:[accessed 9 September 2020].

·    Website:

UNESCO (2015), Education for Sustainable Development. Available at: [accessed 9 September 2020].

IFCC (n.d.), Who we are. Available at: {accessed 9 September 2020].